Dogs and cats have been having puppies and kittens for eons without man’s help. Often times the best thing to do is to give the mother some “alone time” in a darkened, quiet room. A little Karo syrup or pancake syrup from a spoon may give her enough energy to deliver all the young. More detailed information about preparing, monitoring and managing a whelping bitch can be found here.
However, selective breeding (like creating a bigger head and smaller hips such as in the Bulldog, Chihuahua or the Persian cat or in toy breeds such as the Yorkie or Poodle) may lead to a problems that require a veterinarian. If it has been more than 2-3 hours after the beginning of active labor or 4-6 hours between puppies or kittens, call for emergency assistance.